Governor General William Bentinck. Though most of the old customs were acceptable, a few were harmful to the society and not within the realm of human decency. His major contributions are abolition of Sati and infanticide, two evils prevalent in the society then. He tried to reform the Hindu society by abolition of the cruel rites of Sati and the suppression of the infanticide.
Early career[ edit ] Inat the age of 9, he was given the sinecure of Clerk of the Pipe for life. Only after serious violence was order restored and the offending policy rescinded, and Bentinck was recalled in He was brevetted to lieutenant-general on 3 March InBentinck landed with British and Sicilian troops at Genoaand commenced to make liberal proclamations of a new order in Italy which embarrassed the British government which intended to give much of Italy to Austriaand led, once again, to his recall in Bentinck in Sicily[ edit ] As conditions in Sicily began to deteriorate at the beginning of the 19th century, England began worrying about its interests in the Mediterranean.
Internal dissensions in the Sicilian government and an ever-increasing suspicion that Queen Maria Carolina was in correspondence with the French Occupation of Sicily as its object led to the appointment of Bentinck as British representative to the Court of Palermo in July Bentinck was sympathetic to the cause and plight of the Sicilians and "was quickly convinced of the need for Britain to intervene in Sicilian affairs, not so much for Britain's sake as for the well-being of the Sicilians.
|Women in World History: PRIMARY SOURCES||The practice of suttee, or of burning or burying alive the widows of Hindus, is revolting to the feelings of human nature; it is nowhere enjoined by the religion of the Hindus as an imperative duty; on the contrary a life of purity and retirement on the part of the widow is more especially and prefera-bly inculcated, and by a vast majority of that people throughout India the practice is not kept up, nor observed: The measures hitherto adopted to discourage and prevent such acts have failed of success, and the governor-general in council is deeply impressed with the conviction that the abuses in question cannot be effectually put an end to without abolishing the practice altogether.|
|Lord William Bentinck - General Knowledge Today||He continued as Governor-General from to in India.|
|Subscribe on Youtbe||His seven years rule proved a peaceful interlude between two periods of severe and costly campaigning, and thus made it possible to achieve reforms which were long over due. Helped by his previous experience in Madras and a more efficient staff of officials, he consolidated and reorganised the administration which since the time of Cornwallis has been hastily adapted to the newly conquered countries.|
|Social Reforms in India During Lord William Bentinck’s Era in||There was a general dissatisfaction among the masses who had heard the story of the Mutiny of Barrackpur. He took the following steps:|
|Tour in Sicily||He took office in the year Bentinck was the first governor general who took significant steps to weed out the social evils that plagued the country at that time like sati pratha and infanticide.|
Bentinck saw this as the perfect opportunity to insert his ideas of a Sicilian constitution. Opposition to the establishment of a constitution continued to surface, Maria Carolina proving to be one of the toughest.
Her relationship with Bentinck can be summed up in the nickname that she gave him: La bestia feroce the ferocious beast. On 18 June the Parliament assembled in Palermo and, about a month later, on 20 July the constitution was accepted and written on the basis of 15 articles, on the drafts prepared by Prince Belmonte and other Sicilian noblemen.
With the establishment of the constitution the Sicilians had now gained an autonomy they had never experienced before. The constitution set up the separation of the legislative and executive powers and abolished the feudalistic practices that had been established and recognised for the past years.
On 8 Decembera year after Ferdinand IV returned to the throne of the Kingdom of the Two Siciliesthe constitution was abolished and Sicily was reunited with Naples. The constitutional experiment was deemed a failure although it cannot be said to be his alone.
The British no longer had an invested interest in the internal affairs of Sicily now that the threat of French invasion had been removed.
The establishment of a Sicilian constitution that was facilitated by Bentinck was not to be soon forgotten. The ideas found therein and the small taste of freedom lingered in the memories of the Sicilians and had an influence on the desire for autonomy that was at the base of the Sicilian revolutions of and Portrait of Napoleon as King of Italy.
He renounced the Italian throne, along with the Frenchon 11 April Sailing from Sicily on 30 JanuaryBentinck first made for Naples.
There he reluctantly signed an armistice with Joachim Murat ; whom he personally detested as being a man whose "whole life had been a crime," yet whom Britain found it expedient to detach from his brother-in-law, Napoleonby guaranteeing his Kingdom of Naples in return for an alliance.
Having obtained from Murat - husband of her sister Caroline - the guarantee that he would obtain the consent of the Coalition he had just joined to her retention of the Principality of Lucca and Piombino in return for having rendered up Tuscany without a fight, she had, by the time of Bentinck's appearance at Livornoretired to Lucca.
Upon hearing of his landing, she sent a delegation to gain assurances that Murat's pact would be respected. Bentinck replied that it would not. If she did not depart immediately, he said, she would arrested.Lord William Bentinck, in full William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, (born September 14, , Bulstrode, Buckinghamshire, England—died June 17, , Paris, France), British governor-general of Bengal (–33) and of India (–35).
An aristocrat who sympathized with many of the liberal ideas of his day, he made important administrative reforms in Indian government and society. Aug 13, · Governor General William Bentinck and the evil custom of ''Sati'' - British India.
Lord William Bentinck was born in London, the second son of the 3rd Duke of Portland. He was educated at Rev. Dr Samuel Goodenough's school in Ealing, before moving on to Westminster School.
After completing his education, he embarked on a military career, moving swiftly up the ranks on account of. Reforms Made by Lord William Bentick. Article shared by: Social Reforms: William Bentinck is famous for his social reforms in Indian.
By the abolition of the systems of ‘Sati’ and human sacrifice he freed the society from two of the worst superstitions. By the suppression of the system of Thugee he freed the people from one of their.
Feb 28, · In this video I have discussed the social reforms of Lord William Bentinck like abolition of Sati Pratha, Female Infanticide and Suppression of Thugs. Willia. Social reform which reflects great credit on the administration of Lord Bentinck was the abolition of Sati and Thugee.
The word is probably derived from ‘Sat’ the nearest English equivalent of which is ‘truth’.