The manufacturing and industry increased in the United States. As a social result, American immigrants were discouraged from coming to British North America. The country turned to isolationism for a century because people were disgusted with war. During the War ofUpper Canada was populated mainly by American immigrants of dubious loyalty.
Americans were more vocal and independent-minded while Nova Scotians tended to be more on the conservative side. Moreover, Loyalists resented the fact that while they had lost everything during the American Revolution the merchants of Halifax had enjoyed huge profits.
These differences were effectively overcome by creating a new colony for the new comers New Brunswick. When it came to the Loyalist situation in Quebec an altogether different solution was required: So, the two groups had to be kept separated geographically By keeping the colony of Quebec intact Britain left the door open for the eventual absorption of the French into an English-dominated Canada.
The words Quebec and Canada are in many respects synonyms for one another at this time The Constitution Act of reflected the constitutional changes then being implemented by England in its reorganization of British North America.
British North America refers to all those non-American colonies still under English control following the American Revolution. Quebec would be divided into two provinces called Upper and Lower Canada.
Although the British separated the two peoples geographically the door was left open for the potential assimilation of the French. Each province was granted a separate elected government assembly. The colonies were to have separate governments. For the time being this would keep French-English contact to a minimum.
In reality, the elected assemblies had absolutely no decision-making power. These assemblies were in fact powerless. Upper and Lower Canada would be controlled by a non-elected governor and two councils legislative and executive members of which were directly appointed by the governor.
Roman Catholics could vote and hold public office; but only people who owned land were allowed to vote. The right to vote really didn't matter anways as the elected assemblies of the two Canadian provinces did not actually have any decision-making power.
In terms of French culture, the freedoms granted to them through the Quebec Act were re-affirmed; it was believed that once the English were in the majority the two provinces—Upper and Lower Canada—would be united under a single assembly and the English would then be able to overturn the Quebec Act's more "controversial" provisions.
In Upper Canada, British civil and criminal law and a British landowning system went into effect. Lower Canada combined French civil law with British criminal law.
The tithe to the Catholic Church remained in affect. The French especially landowners and the Church were pleased when their ancient feudal privileges were reaffirmed. Why was Ontario called Upper Canada instead of Lower when it was obviously the southern-most of the two colonies?
Because Ontario was up the St. Lawrence River from Quebec City and by extension Quebec was down river or "lower".
Some Problems with the Constitution Act Although the Constitution Act created the desired political stability in Canada for the present it opened the door for future problems.
This is ironic, in that, the new colonial government system was ultimately designed to prevent the spread of revolutionary ideals from America to Canada. In reality, the flawed colonial government system encouraged the eventual outbreak of three Canadian rebellions in the s.
By granting both Upper and Lower Canada elected assemblies it appeared that Canada had a democratic system. Nothing could have been further from the truth.
Well, okay, okay, if I were to say a marauding army of light-sabre wielding leprechauns invaded Quebec to impose their luck on unwilling Canadians then that would be even further from the truth.
Ultimately, Britain did not trust either the French or the American-Loyalists. The French could not be trusted for obvious reasons they were French, afterall.Feb 03, · Before Canada was a country, the British controlled both Upper and Lower Canada, but Lower Canada maintained the French culture.
The name "Upper" and "Lower with respect to Canada before Confederation had to do with the location with respect to the St.
Lawrence ashio-midori.com: Resolved. The Rebellions of – (French: Les rébellions de ) were two armed uprisings that took place in Lower and Upper Canada in and Both rebellions were . The Rebellions In Upper and Lower Canada () Similarities Between The Two Rebellions: Both had a list of grievances which were sent to Britain.5/5(3).
Differences between Upper Canada and Lower Canada There are many differences and similarities between Upper and Lower Canada.
It is important to note from the beginning that the two have a different history. Upper Canada was founded from people primarily from Britain. It was a nation of merchants.
Through the Constitution Act () the colony of Quebec was sub-divided into two provinces—Upper Canada (Loyalist) and Lower Canada (French). By keeping the colony of Quebec intact Britain left the door open for the eventual absorption of the French into an English-dominated Canada.
Nov 17, · Best Answer: Upper Canada and Lower Canada as British colonies officially existed from to They were parts of British Holdings in Canada positioned closer to the headwaters of the St. Lawrence River, which is the primary drainage of the Great Lakes Basin and flows to ashio-midori.com: Resolved.