When my uncle was my age he was just like me, he did not know what he wanted to do for the rest of his life. My uncle was voted most likely to screw off after high school.
There is more to the story than mere historical interest, however. Chile is a country on the brink of development and hence is closer to a European country than to a truly underdeveloped nation.
Population growth is low and vital statistics are at the developed level. Women have a more equal status with men than in any other Latin American country.
Chile is one of the few countries where libertarian ideology had hegemony over the labor movement. The Chilean movement gave rise to an unprecedented level of popular unity, albeit for a brief moment, uniting the vast majority of the population against the elite.
Chilean libertarianism was notable for its practicality, its populism, its unideological nature and its lack of violence.
The movement was highly adaptable, constantly changing its methods and not getting bogged down in dogma. The Chilean movement also shows the contrary danger of being too "undogmatic", as many syndicalists became corporatists. While the past cannot serve as a model for the present, the Chilean experiences can give us some ideas for building a libertarian movement.
The level of popular unity they created is exactly what is needed to crush the Leviathan State that threatens to swallow us. The importance of adaptability and of not getting trapped in dogmas and worn out methods is certainly worth borrowing.
In this nihilistic age, wallowing in government and media- induced ignorance, their emphasis upon education and ethics should be reconsidered. Chileans also built a large network of mutual aid societies, pointing out an alternative to the present bankrupt Welfare State.
Prior to the victory of what the elite claimed was economic liberalism, Chilean artisans were organized into gremios or guilds. These workers' organizations were an important force in the independence struggle and were the most radical sector of the revolutionary movement.
The new post-colonial government paid no attention to the workers patriotism and disbanded the guilds. Thus the artisan's living standards went into steep decline and this period proved to be the most difficult stage in their history With independence nothing was gained by the artisans.
A year later an independent journal appeared called El Pueblo. Its motto was What are the People?
What will they be? El Pueblo was influenced by the revolutionary events in France and French libertarian thought, especially that of Proudhon and Lamennais. Proudhon's writings were popular in Chile as shown by contemporary booksellers catalogues. Even as early as the 's his writings were readily available in bookshops.
Lamennais' book, Le Livre du Peuple was translated and published in Concepcion as early as In a Sociedad de Artisanos was founded in Santiago, but little is known about this organization. El Pueblo attracted a coterie of young libertarian-oriented republican intellectuals.
They were interested in the concept of voluntary association. The republicans felt liberty without equality was meaningless and the only genuine way to achieve an egalitarian society was to create democratic associations among the people.
They also believed the artisans should be politically autonomous and attempted to break them away from the aristocratic parties such as the Liberals and Conservatives. Francisco Bilbao and Santiago Arcos had been present in Paris during the revolution of and had witnessed the role played by the artisans.
They were familiar with the thoughts of Proudhon and had held discussions with Lamennais, becoming followers of the ex-priest. Bilbao can be considered fundamentally libertarian.University of British Columbia, Canada [email protected] van Velzen, Martijn, the work environment and trade unions.
As flexible work arrangements in newly created jobs are increasing in many countries, the topic The emphasis on the effects of flexibility in workplaces on individual workers continues with the next two chapters. The first, rooted in the traditions of British labour law and industrial relations, required employers to recognise trade unions for the purposes of collective bargaining where a majority of workers in a bargaining unit desired this.
The International Trade Union Confederation was founded in , consisting primarily of former affiliates of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions and the World Confederation of. Cameron’s Speech and the Eclipse of British Reason.
by Joschka Fischer on 24 January a country of unflappable principles and unmatched adaptability that stoically gave up its empire after successfully defending Europe’s freedom against Nazi Germany – has now lost its way.
Will trade unions survive in the platform economy? British trade unions, the European Referendum and its legacy The paper is timely in that it reflects the consequences arising for the British trade unions from a pivotal event occurring three decades ago, yet where many of the themes arising from the referendum continue to resonate in contemporary debate over Britain's future.
The Adaptability and Pragmatism of British Trade Unions ( words, 2 pages) Trade Unions - a future? "A trade union is an independent self-regulating organization of workers created to protect and advance the interests of its members through collective action.".