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Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water, and go to your doctor or nearest emergency department as soon as possible. The risk of disease transmission is low.
Some people, such as health care workers are at increased risk of needlestick injury, which occurs when the skin is accidentally punctured by a used needle. This article can only offer general guidelines, so see your doctor or occupational health and safety officer for further information and advice.
Immediately after the injury Wash the wound with soap and water. If you are at work, notify your supervisor or occupational health and safety officer - you will need to fill out an accident report form.
Go straight to your doctor, or to the nearest hospital emergency department.
Take detailed information about the injury, including how long ago it happened, how deeply the skin was penetrated, whether or not the needle was visibly contaminated with blood, and any first aid measures used. Explain the transmission risks, which are small.
You should be offered counselling about these tests before the blood specimens are taken.
Inform the original user of the needle about the needlestick injury - if they are known. They should be provided with counselling before the tests are done.
Advise you about reducing the risk of transmission until the test results are received. You should practise safe sex and avoid donating blood.
Ask your doctor about additional counselling if you think that you will require it. Post exposure prophylaxis PEP Your treating doctor may recommend post exposure prophylaxis. A decision to treat will depend upon: Whether there has been exposure to blood from that source.
This may involve treatments with specific medications that may prevent development of infection. You should be referred to an infectious diseases specialist for this treatment. Ways to reduce the risk Ways of reducing the risk of needlestick injuries include: Health workers who may come in contact with blood or body fluids should receive hepatitis B vaccinations.How to Deal With a Needle Stick Injury at Work.
In this Article: Performing First Aid Seeking Medical Attention Following Up Workplace Prevention and Knowledge Community Q&A Medical workers are at risk for getting injured by needles and other devices used to puncture or lacerate the skin (sharps).
Needlestick and other sharps injuries are a serious hazard in any healthcare setting. Contact with contaminated needles, scal-pels, broken glass, and other sharps may expose healthcare workers.
Needlestick injuries Protecting health-care workers - preventing needlestick injuries WHO reports in the World Health Report , that of the 35 million health-care workers, 2 million experience percutaneous exposure to infectious diseases each year. Risk of infection Published: 01 October A number of studies have calculated the risk of HIV infection from any single needlestick injury where HIV-contaminated blood is involved is around %.
1 Some studies have also calculated the risk of HIV infection on the basis of person-years, and show a similarly low chance of infection. 2. Needlestick injuries are a common occupational hazard in the hospital setting. According to the International Health Care Worker Safety Center (IHCWSC), approximately , hospital-based healthcare workers experience occupational percutaneous injuries annually.
2 Introduction The National Audit Office report of April , A safer place to work – improving the management of health and safety risks in NHS trusts, found that needlestick and sharps injuries account for 17 per cent of accidents to NHS staff and are the.