How does the body control its blood sugar levels

You could work on getting those numbers down with diet, exercise, bitter melon, or metformin if your doctor prescribes it. Shantha, your BP is a little high at night.

How does the body control its blood sugar levels

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However the supply must be kept in tight balance because too much sugar in the blood causes damage to cells throughout the body. Control of the amount of glucose in the blood depends on two hormones that are produced and secreted by the pancreas. Pancreas The pancreas is an unusual organ because it serves two functions.

One part of the pancreas is an endocrine gland that produces and secretes hormones. Endocrine Function of the Pancreas The endocrine function of the pancreas is responsible for regulating the amount of glucose sugar in the blood.

Throughout the pancreas are structures called islets of Langerhans.

How does the body control its blood sugar levels

Two types of cells in the islets are alpha and beta cells. The alpha cells comprise about 25 percent of the islets. The beta cells account for about 75 percent of the islets. They produce and secrete a hormone known as insulin.

Capillaries surrounding the islets allow the hormones to be secreted directly into the blood. Glucagon and Insulin Glucagon increases the amount of glucose in the blood by accelerating the rate at which the liver converts stored glycogen into glucose and releases it into the blood. Insulin decreases the amount of glucose in the blood by transporting glucose from the blood and into the muscle cells.

It also stimulates the conversion of glucose back into glycogen so that it can be stored. Control Receptors in the pancreas detect the amount of glucose in the blood, and this in turn stimulates either the secretion of glucagon or insulin.

Control is based on a negative feedback loop. Glucagon causes an increase in blood sugar, and that in turn stimulates the beta cells to secrete insulin as the levels rise too much. In the opposite manner, insulin causes a decrease in blood sugar that stimulates alpha cells to release glucagon to counteract levels that may be too low.

This tight control maintains a balance of blood sugar that protects the body from the damaging effects of widely fluctuating levels. Somatostatin Other cells within the pancreatic islets secret somatostatin, which inhibits several different hormones in the body, including human growth hormone, insulin and glucagon.

It plays an important role because hormones such as human growth hormone indirectly stimulate the release of insulin.As it travels through your bloodstream to your cells, it's called blood glucose or blood sugar.

Insulin is a hormone that moves glucose from your blood into the cells for energy and storage. People with diabetes have higher . Fiber does not raise blood glucose levels because it is not broken down by the body.

Learn more about fiber and its benefits for people with diabetes. Soluble fiber can help lower your cholesterol level and improve blood glucose control if eaten in large amounts. Oatmeal is an example of this type of fiber.

Controlling Blood Sugar. Reviewing the role of hormones in controlling blood sugar. STUDY. PLAY. how does the body control the level of sugar in the blood.

using a hormone called insulin. if a person suffers from diabetes what cant they do properly.

The Important Roles of Insulin and Glucagon: Diabetes and Hypoglycemia

their body cant control their blood sugar level properly. what controls blood sugar levels. The human body wants blood glucose (blood sugar) maintained in a very narrow range. Insulin and glucagon are the hormones which make this happen. Both insulin and glucagon are secreted from the pancreas, and thus are referred to as pancreatic endocrine hormones.

A normal fasting (no food for eight hours) blood sugar level is between 70 and 99 mg/dl (between and mmol/l). A normal blood sugar level two hours after eating is less than mg/dl ( mmol/l).

However, lower than that would be better. Some experts say shoot for (or ). Studies also have shown that high-fiber foods may have other heart-health benefits, such as reducing blood pressure and inflammation.

Helps control blood sugar levels. In people with diabetes, fiber — particularly soluble fiber — can slow the absorption of sugar and help improve blood sugar levels.

Blood sugar level - Wikipedia