By Amy Fontinelle Updated September 29, — 5: When Were Taxes Implemented? One of the oldest is the estate taxwhich was enacted in but was then repealed and reinstituted over the years, often in response to the need to finance wars.
Pre-contact[ edit ] Map of Hochelaga in Hochelaga was the first indigenous settlement in Montreal to make contact with Europeans. The area known today as Montreal had been inhabited by indigenous peoples for some 8, years, while the oldest known artifact found in Montreal proper is about 4, years old.
Some settled along the fertile St. Lawrence River, where fishing and hunting in nearby forests supported a full diet. By the 14th century, the people had built fortified villages similar to those described by Cartier on his later visit. Since the s, archeological and linguistic comparative studies have established many facts about the people.
They are now called the St. Lawrence Iroquoians and recognized by scholars as distinct from other Iroquoian-language people, such as the Huron or Iroquois of the Haudenosauneealthough sharing some cultural characteristics. Their language has been called Laurentiana distinct branch of the family.
Cartier visited the villages of Hochelaga on Montreal Island and Stadacona near modern Quebec Cityand noted others in the valley which he did not name. He recorded about words of the people's language. Jacques Cartier at Hochelaga. Cartier was the first European to arrive in the area, arriving in Seventy years after Cartier, explorer Samuel de Champlain traveled to Hochelaga, but the village no longer existed, nor was there sign of any human habitation in the valley.
At times historians theorized that the people migrated west to the Great Lakes or were pushed out by conflict with other tribes, including the Huronor suffered infectious disease.
Since the s, other theories have been proposed. The Mohawk had most to gain by moving up from New York into the Tadoussac area, at the confluence of the Saguenay and St.
Lawrence rivers, which was controlled by local Montagnais. Champlain decided to establish a fur trading post at Place Royal on the Island of Montreal, but the Mohawkbased mostly in present-day New York, successfully defended what had by then become their hunting grounds and paths for their war parties.
In Novemberanother Frenchmen arrived to enlarge the settlement. ByVille-Marie had been reduced to less than 50 inhabitants by repeated attacks by the Mohawk.
Maisonneuve returned to France that year to recruit men to bolster the failing colony. He had already decided that should he fail to recruit these settlers, he would abandon Ville-Marie and move everyone back downriver to Quebec City.
Even 10 years after its founding, the people of Quebec City still thought of Montreal as "une folle entreprise" - a crazy undertaking.
Inthe Sulpician seminary became the new Seigneur of the island. Fort Remy in An outpost erected west of Ville-Marie, the town saw its fortification as the war with the Iroquois threatened its survival.
Ville Marie would become a centre for the fur trade and the town was fortified in Syndics were elected representatives who attended meetings of the council of Quebec and the Sovereign Council. This office existed from until it was eliminated in the s due to government fears over the potential formation of political factions; in lieu of syndics, citizens brought their issues to the commissaire de la marine.
Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. May The Population of the Island of the Montreal during French rule consisted of both native peoples and the French.
When the first census was conducted in the colony inthe French population was with an estimated native population of Bythe French population had grown to 4, people while the native population was 1, In a party of 50 Frenchmen representing the Societe de Notre Dame de Montreal pour la conversion des Sauvages de la Nouvelle France set foot on the island that the Compagnie des Cent Associes donated.
Immigration to Montreal increased thereafter; between andpersons arrived. During this period, Montreal saw a drastic change in its demographic.
These immigrants came from different groups the largest of which were indentured servants, they were half of the males, excluding those still in service that potentially could go home.
This was because Quebec City was the primary place for merchants to immigrate to; all the merchants who came to Montreal were related to a resident or another merchant. The rural proportion represented two-thirds in the first 40 years. However, by the urban proportion was about 45 percent.The Economics of Sin Taxes James A.
Sadowsky, S.J. “Sin Taxes” are so called because they are levied on those commodities, such as tobacco and alcohol, which are the objects of widespread disapproval. AFRICA AND WORLD HISTORY: A FORUM. THANKFULLY, HISTORIANS HAVE COME A LONG WAY from the late Hugh Trevor-Roper’s dismissive barb made in “Perhaps in the future there will be some African history to teach.
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Once a state makes "sin taxes" a significant part of its revenue stream, it has an incentive to keep people smoking and drinking. If everyone quits smoking, the state does not get any cigarette tax revenue.
met the man who said those words while working as a bartender in the Ozark Mountains of northwest Arkansas. It was a one-street town in Benton County.
The history of Montreal, located in Quebec, Canada, spans about 8, ashio-midori.com the time of European contact, the area was inhabited by the St. Lawrence Iroquoians, a discrete and distinct group of Iroquoian-speaking indigenous ashio-midori.com spoke Laurentian.
Jacques Cartier became the first European to reach the area now known as Montreal in when he entered the village of Hochelaga .