The Cult of Domesticity and Republican Motherhood As the ideals of democracy in both lifestyle and politics began to flourish in the early 19th Century, there was increasing division in the lives of men and women at home in America. Republican Motherhood encouraged women to stay at home and promote the ideas of frugality and self-sufficiency to their children. Though these two ideals were designed to balance upon each other and provide a suitable way of life for all women, their influence affected only the unemployed women, usually of the upper-middle class.
Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. Women of the Revolutionary Era, seeking a political role for themselves in the new nation, created the concept of Republican Motherhood.
Building on the theme, women at the turn of the century continued to use aspects of their cultural role to political effect.
The images and rhetoric comprising this political culture enabled women to transform their domestic experience into a powerful political statement, allowing them to extend their culturally-sanctioned role to include new public responsibilities. In creating a female political culture, American women used materials rooted in American traditions as well as those borrowed and adapted to American usage from the British suffrage movement.
American suffrage women were inspired by political parades and demonstrations familiar throughout the 19th century during presidential campaigns.
The Woman's Christian Temperance Union a women's anti-alcohol and drug crusade that became the largest women's organization in the 19th century had a history of street actions and public parades dating from the mids.
The American cultural emphasis on women's presumed "inherent" domestic nature, her responsibilities for nurturing children, and her duties in the maintenance of the home resulted in the mainstream pervasive use of domestic images and rhetoric. In fact, this domestic emphasis was the single most important distinction between the public discourse of the American and the British suffrage movements, and between the mainstream and militant wings of the American movement.
Some writings that you might refer to on this subject are: American Women Win the m. Carol O'Hare Troutdale, Oregon: For a thorough development of the concept of Republican Motherhood see: Linda Kerber, Women of the Republic: Intellect and Ideology in Revolutionary America.comparison shows that the ideology of female domesticity has routinely changed to fit the conditions of women's subordination.
Once accepted, however, the ideal of female domesticity has increased women's collaboration in the maintainance of inequality.
These ideas made each woman willing to support the conditions that kept all women disadvantaged. Lower class women and blacks were unable to achieve the objectives of “republican motherhood” and the “cult of domesticity” because of economic and social repression. However, these same ideals handicapped the efforts of educated, middle and upper class women to gain social, economic, and political equality.
Republican Motherhood is a dominant ideal for middle class white women in the revolutionary era, and the cult of true womanhood was the dominant feminine ideal in the antebellum period.
Both developed largely out of fears of leaving behind republican ideals in a critical moment of change, and both were, at the same time, constraining and. had once been. A new ideal of womanhood and a new ideology about the home arose out of the new attitudes about work and family. Called the ʺcult of domesticity,ʺ it is found in womenʹs magazines, advice books, religious journals, newspapers, fiction‐‐everywhere in popular culture.
Republican motherhood> - The Cult of Domesticity: Ideology that began in the s, Influenced by new market economy and society, Home=happiest place on Earth, Women at the center, 4 major traits: Piety, Purity, Domesticity, Submissiveness, Men still dominant.
- Comparison to the struggles of Blacks - Comparison to the struggles of. 2. It will be these women who become the political/activist base of the women’s movement.
b. Republican Motherhood develops into the “domestic ideal” (away from Rep. Moth. To Cult of Domesticity) i. During the antebellum period, women’s activities centered on home and family ii.